Summary of the essay politics and the english language

Politics and the English Language is an essay by George Orwell that criticised the. When there is a gap between one's real and one's declared aims, one turns as it were instinctively to long words and exhausted idioms, like a cuttlefish spurting out ink.

George Orwell Politics and the English Language Most people who bother with the matter at all would admit that the English language is in a bad way, but it is generally assumed that we cannot by conscious action do anything about it.

On the one side we have the free personality: And he will probably ask himself two more: Where is there a place in this hall of mirrors for either personality or fraternity. Now analyze these two sentences a little more closely.

People who write in this manner usually have a general emotional meaning — they dislike one thing and want to express solidarity with another — but they are not interested in the detail of what they are saying. Summary[ edit ] Orwell relates what he believes to be a close association between bad prose and oppressive ideology: The result, in general, is an increase in slovenliness and vagueness.

In our time, political speech and writing are largely the defence of the indefensible. With that being said, sometimes originality comes with a price. Never use the passive where you can use the active. The main issue found was Orwell's "simplistic faith about thought and language existing in a dialectical relation with one another; others quickly cut to the chase by insisting that politics, rightly considered, meant the insertion of an undercutting whose before every value word the hegemony holds dear".

One of these is superfluous, making nonsense of the whole passage, and in addition there is the slip — alien for akin — making further nonsense, and several avoidable pieces of clumsiness which increase the general vagueness.

Look back through this essay, and for certain you will find that I have again and again committed the very faults I am protesting against. Words of this kind are often used in a consciously dishonest way.

Silly words and expressions have often disappeared, not through any evolutionary process but owing to the conscious action of a minority. Never use a foreign phrase, a scientific word, or a jargon word if you can think of an everyday English equivalent. So far as the general tone or spirit of a language goes, this may be true, but it is not true in detail.

The great enemy of clear language is insincerity.

Politics and the English Language Summary

Have I said anything that is avoidably ugly. It is rather the same thing that is happening to the English language. He argues that it is easier to think with poor English because the language is in decline; and, as the language declines, "foolish" thoughts become even easier, reinforcing the original cause: Never use the passive where you can use the active.

This kind of writing is not yet universal, and outcrops of simplicity will occur here and there in the worst-written page. Two recent examples were explore every avenue and leave no stone unturned, which were killed by the jeers of a few journalists.

Though this is often applied to behaviour within civil governments, it can be applied to many other situations including families, friendships, school, and businesses. On the contrary, it is especially concerned with the scrapping of every word or idiom which has outworn its usefulness.

Statements like Marshal Petain was a true patriot, The Soviet press is the freest in the world, The Catholic Church is opposed to persecution, are almost always made with intent to deceive.

Politics And The English Language Essay Summary

Orwell rationalizes how many writers use extraneous verbs and nouns to pad sentences and create the illusion of symmetry. Since you don't know what Fascism is, how can you struggle against Fascism. Essay on psychology in Politics New York 4. This last effort of the mind cuts out all stale or mixed images, all prefabricated phrases, needless repetitions, and humbug and vagueness generally.

George Orwell

The Intro of the essay asserts the notion that the English language has been disfigured by the human race and is on the residual decline as a resultant. Never use the passive where you can use the active. It becomes ugly and inaccurate because our thoughts are foolish, but the slovenliness of our language makes it easier for us to have foolish thoughts.

Our civilization is decadent and our language — so the argument runs — must inevitably share in the general collapse. What image or idiom will make it clearer.

Summary of Politics and the English Language

But on the other side, the social bond itself is nothing but the mutual reflection of these self-secure integrities. And this reduced state of consciousness, if not indispensable, is at any rate favourable to political conformity.

Things like the continuance of British rule in India, the Russian purges and deportations, the dropping of the atom bombs on Japan, can indeed be defended, but only by arguments which are too brutal for most people to face, and which do not square with the professed aims of the political parties.

Stuart Chase and others have come near to claiming that all abstract words are meaningless, and have used this as a pretext for advocating a kind of political quietism.

But you are not obliged to go to all this trouble. Summary of Politics and the English Language Essay Politics and the English Language Analysis In “Politics and the English Language,” George Orwell argues against the common belief that language grows with and adapts to the changing times, there being nothing any individual can do about it.

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Politics and the English Language

"Politics and the English Language" () is an essay by George Orwell that criticised the "ugly and inaccurate" written English of his time and examines the connection between political orthodoxies and the debasement of language.

In “Politics and the English Language,” George Orwell argues against the common belief that language grows with and adapts to the changing times, there being nothing any individual can do about it. Get an answer for 'Need help on george owell's politics and the english sgtraslochi.com to draft a summary response essay' and find homework help for other Reference questions at eNotes.

Politics and the English Language is an important essay that argues against lazy language and overused phrases. Orwell expands that argument to embody the trouble he saw in the political process.

Summary of the essay politics and the english language
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